Every person has aptitudes in different areas, and different ways in which they learn and absorb information best. Psychologist Howard Gardner proposed the theory that there are eight different types of intelligences which everyone possesses a blend of to varying degrees. They are linguistic, spatial, mathematical-logical, kinesthetic, musical, interpersonal, intrapersonal, and naturalistic. By incorporating a variety of teaching methods, tools, activities, and assignments into your classes, you can engage the greatest number of students in the material being taught, and ensure that they absorb and retain the lessons and skills they learn.
Here are some methods to teach according to each intelligence. The best part is that many of these methods are useful across multiple intelligences, making it even easier to reach as many students as possible with any one method.
Linguistic intelligence has to do with the ability to use written and verbal language to learn and express oneself.
- Lecture and hold class discussions
- Write out notes and lists during lectures or project them to the class on a computer
- Distribute articles and assign internet research
- Assign reading and writing assignments
Spatial intelligence involves the ability to think in pictures, images, and physical space.
- Use PowerPoint presentations with labeled photos and screenshots of the subject at hands
- Show videos and have students use simulation exercises
- Create charts and tables to break down information
Kinesthetic intelligence deals with the awareness of the body, touch, and movement.
- Assign hands-on activities
- Use repetition of newly learned skills to memorize and improve those skills
- Use simulation exercises and test questions
Mathematical-logical intelligence has to do with the ability to use reasoning skills and think conceptually and abstractly in order to solve complex problems.
- Assign comprehensive projects that require students to use a variety of lessons and skills they’ve learned throughout the course
- Assign critical thinking and analysis assignments
Interpersonal intelligence involves the ability to effectively interact with others.
- Hold class discussions and debates
- Assign group (or partnered) activities and projects
- Assign presentations where students demonstrate or teach a lesson or skill
Intrapersonal intelligence is the awareness and understanding of one’s own thoughts, feelings, ideas, and goals.
- Have students identify their goals for what they hope to accomplish in your course and their careers, and plan ways to achieve them
- Connect the material being taught to students’ personal experiences
- Allow students to choose their own topics for certain assignments and projects
Our full solutions contain many different resources to engage a multitude of strengths. To learn more about our full solutions for computer science or business and accounting courses, contact us at Labyrinth Learning today.